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Módulo Sensor Barometro – BMP180

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REF: FUN-MD0054

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Esta placa incluí um sensor de pressão atmosférica -BMP180 – de alta precisão com uma margem de medida de 300 e 1100hPa (Hecto Pascal) com uma margem de erro de 0,03hPa. Baseado na tecnologia piezo-resistiva de alta eficiência e larga duração. O sensor tem uma margem de alimentação de 1,8V e 3,6VDC. Desenhado para ser conectado directamente a um microcontrolador mediante interface I2C. Dispõe de 2 resistências pull-up de 4,7Kohm. Estes tipos de sensores podem seer usados para calcular a altitude, pelo que são muito uteis em UAV

Especificações:
– Dimensões: 21 x 18 mm 
– Alimentação: 1.8V a 6V  
– I2C Max Speed: 3.5MHz 
– Baixo consumo de energia – 0.5uA a 1 Hz 
– Interface I2C 
– Baixo nível de ruído – até 0.02hPa (17 centímetros) 
– Faixa de Pressão: 300hpa para 1100hPa (+ -500m a 9000m)

#include
#define BMP085_ADDRESS 0x77 // I2C address of BMP085
const unsigned char OSS = 0; // Oversampling Setting
// Calibration values
int ac1;
int ac2;
int ac3;
unsigned int ac4;
unsigned int ac5;
unsigned int ac6;
int b1;
int b2;
int mb;
int mc;
int md;
// b5 is calculated in bmp085GetTemperature(…), this variable is also used in bmp085GetPressure(…)
// so …Temperature(…) must be called before …Pressure(…).
long b5;
void setup(){
Serial.begin(9600);
Wire.begin();
bmp085Calibration();
}
void loop()
{
float temperature = bmp085GetTemperature(bmp085ReadUT()); //MUST be called first
float pressure = bmp085GetPressure(bmp085ReadUP());
float atm = pressure / 101325; // “standard atmosphere”
float altitude = calcAltitude(pressure); //Uncompensated caculation – in Meters
Serial.print(“Temperature: “);
Serial.print(temperature, 2); //display 2 decimal places
Serial.println(“deg C”);
Serial.print(“Pressure: “);
Serial.print(pressure, 0); //whole number only.
Serial.println(” Pa”);
Serial.print(“Standard Atmosphere: “);
Serial.println(atm, 4); //display 4 decimal places
Serial.print(“Altitude: “);
Serial.print(altitude, 2); //display 2 decimal places
Serial.println(” M”);
Serial.println();//line break
delay(1000); //wait a second and get values again.
}
// Stores all of the bmp085’s calibration values into global variables
// Calibration values are required to calculate temp and pressure
// This function should be called at the beginning of the program
void bmp085Calibration()
{
ac1 = bmp085ReadInt(0xAA);
ac2 = bmp085ReadInt(0xAC);
ac3 = bmp085ReadInt(0xAE);
ac4 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB0);
ac5 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB2);
ac6 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB4);
b1 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB6);
b2 = bmp085ReadInt(0xB8);
mb = bmp085ReadInt(0xBA);
mc = bmp085ReadInt(0xBC);
md = bmp085ReadInt(0xBE);
}
// Calculate temperature in deg C
float bmp085GetTemperature(unsigned int ut){
long x1, x2;
x1 = (((long)ut – (long)ac6)*(long)ac5) >> 15;
x2 = ((long)mc b5 = x1 + x2;
float temp = ((b5 + 8)>>4);
temp = temp /10;
return temp;
}
// Calculate pressure given up
// calibration values must be known
// b5 is also required so bmp085GetTemperature(…) must be called first.
// Value returned will be pressure in units of Pa.
long bmp085GetPressure(unsigned long up){
long x1, x2, x3, b3, b6, p;
unsigned long b4, b7;
b6 = b5 – 4000;
// Calculate B3
x1 = (b2 * (b6 * b6)>>12)>>11;
x2 = (ac2 * b6)>>11;
x3 = x1 + x2;
b3 = (((((long)ac1)*4 + x3)>2;
// Calculate B4
x1 = (ac3 * b6)>>13;
x2 = (b1 * ((b6 * b6)>>12))>>16;
x3 = ((x1 + x2) + 2)>>2;
b4 = (ac4 * (unsigned long)(x3 + 32768))>>15;
b7 = ((unsigned long)(up – b3) * (50000>>OSS));
if (b7 p = (b7 else
p = (b7/b4) x1 = (p>>8) * (p>>8);
x1 = (x1 * 3038)>>16;
x2 = (-7357 * p)>>16;
p += (x1 + x2 + 3791)>>4;
long temp = p;
return temp;
}
// Read 1 byte from the BMP085 at ‘address’
char bmp085Read(unsigned char address)
{
unsigned char data;
Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
Wire.write(address);
Wire.endTransmission();
Wire.requestFrom(BMP085_ADDRESS, 1);
while(!Wire.available())
;
return Wire.read();
}
// Read 2 bytes from the BMP085
// First byte will be from ‘address’
// Second byte will be from ‘address’+1
int bmp085ReadInt(unsigned char address)
{
unsigned char msb, lsb;
Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
Wire.write(address);
Wire.endTransmission();
Wire.requestFrom(BMP085_ADDRESS, 2);
while(Wire.available() ;
msb = Wire.read();
lsb = Wire.read();
return (int) msb }
// Read the uncompensated temperature value
unsigned int bmp085ReadUT(){
unsigned int ut;
// Write 0x2E into Register 0xF4
// This requests a temperature reading
Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
Wire.write(0xF4);
Wire.write(0x2E);
Wire.endTransmission();
// Wait at least 4.5ms
delay(5);
// Read two bytes from registers 0xF6 and 0xF7
ut = bmp085ReadInt(0xF6);
return ut;
}
// Read the uncompensated pressure value
unsigned long bmp085ReadUP(){
unsigned char msb, lsb, xlsb;
unsigned long up = 0;
// Write 0x34+(OSS // Request a pressure reading w/ oversampling setting
Wire.beginTransmission(BMP085_ADDRESS);
Wire.write(0xF4);
Wire.write(0x34 + (OSS Wire.endTransmission();
// Wait for conversion, delay time dependent on OSS
delay(2 + (3 // Read register 0xF6 (MSB), 0xF7 (LSB), and 0xF8 (XLSB)
msb = bmp085Read(0xF6);
lsb = bmp085Read(0xF7);
xlsb = bmp085Read(0xF8);
up = (((unsigned long) msb > (8-OSS);
return up;
}
void writeRegister(int deviceAddress, byte address, byte val) {
Wire.beginTransmission(deviceAddress); // start transmission to device
Wire.write(address); // send register address
Wire.write(val); // send value to write
Wire.endTransmission(); // end transmission
}
int readRegister(int deviceAddress, byte address){
int v;
Wire.beginTransmission(deviceAddress);
Wire.write(address); // register to read
Wire.endTransmission();
Wire.requestFrom(deviceAddress, 1); // read a byte
while(!Wire.available()) {
// waiting
}
v = Wire.read();
return v;
}
float calcAltitude(float pressure){
float A = pressure/101325;
float B = 1/5.25588;
float C = pow(A,B);
C = 1 – C;
C = C /0.0000225577;
return C;
}

ECOVALOR: Não

REF: FUN-MD0054 Categorias: ,